Preventing Breast Infection in Western Nepal


About eight percent of women’s breast tissue becomes infected during the first month, resulting in pain, swelling, warmth and redness. A 2014 study of 338 mothers in Western Nepal found that Cesarean sections and supplying other food to newborns before starting breastfeeding contributed to inflamed breast tissue. Researchers encourage health workers to help women manage and prevent mastitis. Read abstract:

World is Banking On Breastfeeding Babies

The World Bank recommends breastfeeding, according to a recent article in “Breastfeeding Medicine” magazine. The World Bank currently has 30 projects dedicated to breastfeeding, which improves early childhood education. The article encourages laws that protect breastfeeding in health centers and public places, as well as employers that provide flexible scheduling and designated private places for milk expression. Read article.

Society for Middle Ear Disease Winter 2016 Newsletter


Read about what the Society for Middle Ear Disease advisors are doing to help children overcome otitis media around the world in the Winter 2016 newsletter.

Mom’s Milk Needed in Philippines to Keep Babies Nourished

Breastfeeding is “critical in child growth and development,” according to a recent report issued by “Save the Children,” about chronic malnutrition suffered by Filipino children. The World Health Organization recommends breastfeeding babies in the first six months; however, less than half of Filipino mothers exclusively breastfeed their babies for six months. Mothers explain that they cannot produce enough milk because they are working or their breast tissue becomes inflamed. Read page 23 of report.

SMED Advisor Speaks at Ear Balance and Hearing Conference on the Nile


“Otology on the Nile,” a conference sponsored by the Egyptian Otolaryngology Otology Group, will be held on December 17th-18th, 2015, at Conrad Cairo Hotel. Ear, Nose and Throat specialists, Drs. Margaretha Casselbrant and Cuneyt Alper, will be speaking about the Society For Middle Ear Disease. See schedule and topics:
See list of speakers:

Magazine Nurtures Weight Management and Breastfeeding

“Breastfeeding Medicine,” a magazine published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc., outlines strategies for weight management and obesity prevention in children and adolescents, with an emphasis on education with respect to cultural diversity. For online access:

Why We Hear Things – Spring International Tinnitus Conference

The 10th International Tinnitus Research Initiative is hosting a conference on March 16th, 17th and 18th, 2016, entitled, “Tinnitus: Subtypes, Mechanisms and Interventions.” The conference takes place in Nottingham, UK, and will explore underlying causes of tinnitus. It will focus on clinical research and how it relates to meaningful health outcomes. “Keynote and invited speakers are all world leaders, representing a range of disciplines,” according to the conference website. The deadline to apply for the conference is December 13, 2015. See website.

Macrolide Antibiotics

Some antibiotics are limited in what they can do to treat the flu, pneumonia, and acute otitis media (AOM), according to SMED Advisor, Dr. Tasnee Chonmaitree, Professor, Pediatrics and Pathology, University of Texas.

This is because studies have shown that many patients are resistant to certain types of macrolide antibiotics.

For this reason, treatment is not as effective. Dr. Chonmaitree says that her colleagues rarely use azithromycin, for example, to treat AOM, but do prescribe it for mycoplasma and pertussis. Read Dr. Chonmaitree’s 2013 AAP Clinical Practice Guideline AOM.

Also, there is an increased risk of sudden death from ventricular tachyarrhythmias due to treatment with macrocodes, according to ENT specialist, Dr. Charles Bluestone, citing the November 17, 2015 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Children Over Six With Allergic Rhinitis At-Risk for Otitis Media With Effusion

Allergic Rhinitis in children older than six years is associated with otitis media with effusion(OME). The study surveyed a million and a half office visits from 2005 to 2010. These results will allow pediatricians to apply preventive measures, treatment and referrals for patients in this age group. Read more:childrennoseflower